How to Grow Swiss Chard – A Beginner’s Guide

swiss chard plant growing in garden
Swiss chard, which are known botanically as  Btea Vulgaris, are a type of vegetable that can easily be grown at home. Continue reading to learn the basics of growing swiss chard as well as common mistakes to avoid along the way.

Best Time to Plant Swiss Chard

This will depend largely on your local climate, but as a rule of thumb, begin to plant the swiss chard seeds 2 to 3 weeks before the last spring frost date. This is the best time to ensure that the seedlings survive the weather.

To check when swiss chard are most likely to thrive in your area, see the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. If you live outside the US, do a quick search for ‘plant hardiness zone + [city]’.

How to Plant Swiss Chard the Right Way

There are a number of things to consider that will help you avoid some of the common mistakes of growing swiss chard in your home garden.

Often overlooked, your soil can have a huge impact on how well your swiss chard grow. Generally, your soil should be  moderately fertile, well-draining soil. Soil PH levels should be around 6.5 and 8.

4-6 inches apart in the row with rows 18 inches apart.  6″ apart in rows. The seeds should be sowed at a depth of about  .75″. For each plant, be sure to sow at least a few seeds to ensure that at least one of them will germinate.

Begin thinning your swiss chard seedlings  one plant every 6″.

How Much Sunlight is Needed to Grow Swiss Chard

How Much to Water Swiss Chard

How Long Does it Take Swiss Chard to Germinate and Grow?

When to Harvest Swiss Chard

The best time to harvest your swiss chard is when the leaves are tender and big enough to eat.

Swiss chard can grow up to about  up to two feet (60 cm.).

What Can Swiss Chard Be Used For?

Food Use: Great variety to sauté or use in stir fries!

Flavor Profile:  Mild, earthy and nutty flavors.

Can Swiss Chard Grow in Pots and Containers?

Yes, you will ideally need a 12″+ containerfor each plant. This can help control weeds and keep your plant from growing out of control.

It also gives you the flexibility to move your swiss chard around if you need to adjust sunlight or bring it indoors to avoid harsh weather conditions.

Are Swiss Chard Safe for Bees?

Yes, swiss chard are safe for bees.

According to, bees pollinate human food crops that make up about 90% of the world’s nutrition.

Given their importance in our ecosystem and food supply, I feel it is important to note that growing swiss chard is bee-friendly.

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