How to Grow Broccoli – A Beginner’s Guide

broccoli plant growing in garden
Broccoli, which are known botanically as Brassica Oleracea, are a type of vegetable that can easily be grown at home. Continue reading to learn the basics of growing broccoli as well as common mistakes to avoid along the way.

Best Time to Plant Broccoli

This will depend largely on your local climate, but as a rule of thumb, begin to plant the broccoli seeds six to eight weeks before the last frost. This is the best time to ensure that the seedlings survive the weather.

To check when broccoli are most likely to thrive in your area, see the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. If you live outside the US, do a quick search for ‘plant hardiness zone + [city]’.

How to Plant Broccoli the Right Way

There are a number of things to consider that will help you avoid some of the common mistakes of growing broccoli in your home garden.

Often overlooked, your soil can have a huge impact on how well your broccoli grow. Generally, your soil should be well-drained with a texture between sandy and clay loam. Soil PH levels should be around 6 to 7.

2′ apart. roughly every 3′. The seeds should be sowed at a depth of about  .5″. For each plant, be sure to sow at least a few seeds to ensure that at least one of them will germinate.

Begin thinning your broccoli seedlings one plant every 2′ when 1″ tall.

How Much Sunlight is Needed to Grow Broccoli

The amount of sunlight is another key to a successful harvest. Too much sunlight will dry out your broccoli. Not enough sunlight will stunt your its growth or even kill it.

Ideally, your broccoli should be getting full sun, which means as much sunlight as you can possibly give it, or at least 6 hours or more.

How Much to Water Broccoli

As you’ve figured by now, a lot can have an impact on how well your broccoli do, and the amount of water is no different.

Ideally, the soil should be damp to touch; not soggy or bone dry. If the leaves on your broccoli begin to change colors or start to look droopy, you need to adjust how much water you’re giving it.

Unfortunately, if you give it too much or too little water, you can kill it, so it’s best to just keep an eye on it and water as needed.

How Long Does it Take Broccoli to Germinate and Grow?

Now the fun part begins and you get to watch your broccoli grow.

It takes approximately 10-14 days to germinate, and a total of 90 days from seed to harvest.

When to Harvest Broccoli

The best time to harvest your broccoli is when it starts to flower or turn yellow.

Broccoli can grow up to about  80 centimetres (31 in).

What Can Broccoli Be Used For?

Food Use: in a spicy raw salad,

Flavor Profile: Sweet, fresh broccoli taste!

Can Broccoli Grow in Pots and Containers?

Yes, you will ideally need a 12″+ containerfor each plant. This can help control weeds and keep your plant from growing out of control.

It also gives you the flexibility to move your broccoli around if you need to adjust sunlight or bring it indoors to avoid harsh weather conditions.

Are Broccoli Safe for Bees?

Yes, broccoli are safe for bees.

According to, bees pollinate human food crops that make up about 90% of the world’s nutrition.

Given their importance in our ecosystem and food supply, I feel it is important to note that growing broccoli is bee-friendly.

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